Why to choose Public Administration as Optional?
In the UPSC Civil Services Main Examination, this subject is also one of the optional subjects. Due to its relevance to the job role of an IAS officer, it is one of the popular choices. The candidates are introduced to the mechanism of public administration through this subject which is surely of great use for future administrators. Moreover, it is one of the concept-intensive subjects. This subject largely entails conceptual understanding. Ease of understanding of the subject and availability of the resources are also the factors that persuades aspirants to choose this optional subject. And choosing the best PUBAD optional coaching will be the important decision for the aspirants, we will be helping them to easily understand the concepts of some best optional subjects.
Syllabus – UPSC PUBAD Paper 1 : Administrative Theory
- Introduction: Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration; Wilson’s vision of Public Administration; Evolution of the discipline and its present status; New Public Administration; Public Choice approach.
- Administrative Thought: Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber’s bureaucratic model – its critique and post-Weberian Developments.
- Administrative Behavior: Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories – content, process and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern.
- Organizations: Theories – systems, contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments, Corporations, Companies, Boards and Commissions; Ad hoc and advisory bodies; Headquarters and Field relationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public-Private Partnerships
- Accountability and Control: Concepts of accountability and control; Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration; Citizen and Administration.
- Administrative Law: Meaning, scope, and significance; Dicey on Administrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative Tribunals.
- Comparative Public Administration: Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration and politics in different countries; Current status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and administration; Riggsian models and their critique.
- Development Dynamics: Concept of development; Changing profile of development administration; ‘Anti development thesis’; Bureaucracy and development; Strong state versus the market debate.
- Personnel Administration: Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service conditions.
- Public Policy: Models of policy-making and their critique; Processes of conceptualization, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review, and their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.
- Techniques of Administrative Improvement: Organization and methods, Work study and work management; e-governance and information technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.
- Financial Administration: Monetary and fiscal policies; Public borrowings and public debt Budgets – types and forms; Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.
Syllabus – UPSC PUBAD Paper-II : Indian Administration
- Evolution of Indian Administration: Kautilya’s Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and administration.
- Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government: Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development.
- Public Sector Undertakings: The public sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings.
- Union Government and Administration: Executive, Parliament, Judiciary – structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends; Intragovernmental relations.
- Plans and Priorities: Machinery of planning; Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council.
- State Government and Administration: Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission; Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.
- District Administration since Independence: Changing role of the Collector; Union state-local relations.
- Civil Services: Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity-building; Good governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline.
- Financial Management: Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of finance ministry in the monetary and fiscal area.
- Administrative Reforms since Independence: Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management and human resource development; Problems of implementation.
- Rural Development: Institutions and agencies since independence; Rural development programs: foci and strategies; Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment.
- Urban Local Government: Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance, and problem areas; 74th Constitutional Amendment; Global local debate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics, and administration with special reference to city management.
- Law and Order Administration: British legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of central and state agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism.
- Significant issues in Indian Administration: Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface; Corruption and administration; Disaster management.
PUBAD is an optional that has its own benefits associated.
Syllabus is very short as compared to other optional subjects like Geography, Political Science and History, etc. PUBAD contains very few core concepts because of which students need not read a plethora of topics. Interlinkages of topics is another specialty of Public Administration. For completion of the Public Administration syllabus, the Student needs to read 3-4 books at maximum. It contains dynamic chapters, especially in Paper 2. So current affairs is a strong part for aspirants and it helps them to score well even in GS papers.
Second paper of Mains Examination, General Studies excluding International Relations is part of Public Administration. In the third paper of General Studies, topics like Internal Security are directly related to Public Administration. In the fourth paper of General Studies, nearly fifty percent of the topics are related to Public Administration. A candidate gets good marks because of a good understanding of the subject & ample awareness about recent developments and choosing the best PUBAD optional coaching. Lack of understanding, emphasis on rote learning and unawareness of recent developments cause poor marks.