Why to choose History as an Optional?

History is one of the most popular optional subjects opted by candidates in the IAS mains exam. It is a very crucial subject in the UPSC examination since history is included in the IAS prelims exam and in the IAS mains general studies papers as well. If a candidate is an IAS aspirant then he cannot go by without studying history. In the year 2015 UPSC Civil Services examination, approximately 1761 students appeared for the IAS mains exam with History as an optional. Out of this, 150 candidates got selected with a success rate of 8.5 percent. Hence, assuring the aspirants that the success rate of History optional in IAS is quite encouraging. It depends on the candidate’s interest and aptitude in a particular subject which makes it suitable or not for the civil services exams, choose the best History optional coaching for full and proper preparation.

Best History Optional Coaching
Best History Optional Coaching

Syllabus – History Paper 1

  1. Sources Archaeological.
  2. Pre‐history and Proto‐history.
  3. Indus Valley Civilization : Origin, date, extent, characteristics-decline, survival and significance, art and architecture.
  4. Megalithic Cultures.
  5. Aryans and Vedic Period.
  6. Period of Mahajanapadas.
  7. Mauryan Empire.
  8. Post‐Mauryan Period (Indo‐Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, Western Kshatrapas).
  9. Early State and Society in Eastern India, Deccan and South India.
  10. Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhanas.
  11. Regional States during Gupta Era.
  12. Themes in Early Indian Cultural History.
  13. Early Medieval India, 750‐1200.
  14. Cultural Traditions in India, 750‐1200.
  15. The Thirteenth Century.
  16. The Fourteenth Century.
  17. Society, Culture and Economy in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries.
  18. The Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century‐Political Developments and Economy.
  19. The Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century‐ Society and culture.
  20. Akbar, Conquests and consolidation of empire, Establishment of jagir and mansab systems, Rajput policy, Evolution of religious and social outlook, Theory of Sulh‐i‐kul and religious policy, Court patronage of art and technology.
  21. Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century.
  22. Economy and society, in the 16th and 17th Centuries.
  23. Culture during Mughal Empire.
  24. The Eighteenth Century.

Syllabus – History Paper 2

  1. European Penetration into India.
  2. British Expansion in India.
  3. Early Structure of the British Raj.
  4. Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule.
  5. Social and Cultural Developments.
  6. Social and Religious Reform movements in Bengal and Other Areas.
  7. Indian Response to British Rule.
  8. Factors leading to the birth of Indian Nationalism.
  9. Rise of Gandhi.
  10. Constitutional Developments in the Colonial India between 1858 and 1935.
  11. Other strands in the National Movement The Revolutionaries: 
  12. Politics of Separatism;
  13. Consolidation as a Nation;
  14. Caste and Ethnicity after 1947;
  15. Economic development and political change;
  16. Enlightenment and Modern ideas: 
  17. Origins of Modern Politics: 
  18. Industrialization:
  19. Nation-State System:
  20. Imperialism and Colonialism: 
  21. Revolution and Counter Revolution:
  22. World Wars:
  23. The World after World War II:
  24. Liberation from Colonial Rule:
  25. Decolonization and Underdevelopment:
  26. Unification of Europe
  27. Disintegration of Soviet Union and the Rise of the Unipolar World.

History is an optional that has plenty of benefits associated.

  • General Studies covers many parts from history in both prelims and mains hence, you can optimize time by preparing for optional and General Studies papers.
  • Topics from history will also be beneficial in the essay paper.
  • History is an interesting subject and explains a lot of things about economy, socio politics, etc.
  • It is easy to understand since it is all about theory and there are no big formulas or concepts which need to be followed.
  • History develops a good reading habit and a static subject.
  • If a candidate covers this subject once then it is not going to change in the next 2-3 years.
  • If a candidate is in their second or subsequent attempts, then their preparation gets easier.
  • In General Studies papers, writing with the historical perspective about the topics gives more depth to the arguments.
  • There is an adequate amount of study material available for this subject.

Aspirants who want to prepare well for History Optional Subject then they should choose Discrete IAS for the best History Optional Coaching Classes. Go through our website, have our Mentorship program and understand the strategy of UPSC Exam.