Why to choose Anthropology as an Optional?
Anthropology is one of the most demanded UPSC optional subjects amid the Civil Services aspirants. This subject is popular among aspirants as the resources are easily accessible for preparation to a lighter and easily understandable syllabus. Both of which stand true to the claim. Syllabus of the Anthropology optional subject for UPSC carries elements from science also, it becomes a demanded choice amid science graduates as well. Anthropology optional has given many toppers in the past for UPSC. We are providing the best Anthropology Optional Coaching, click on the link for more details about Anthropology Optional.
Syllabus – UPSC Anthropology Paper 1
1.1 Meaning, scope, and development of Anthropology.
1.2 Relationship with other disciplines: History, Economics, Sociology, Psychology, Political Science, Life Science, Medical Science.
1.3 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope, and relevance.
1.4 Human Evolution and the emergence of Man.
1.5 Characteristics of Primates.
1.6 Phylogenetic status, characteristics and geographical distribution.
1.7 The biological basis of life.
1.8 a) Principles of Prehistoric Archaeology. Chronology: Relative and Absolute Dating methods.b) Cultural Evolution- Broad Outlines of Prehistoric cultures.
2 a. The Nature of Culture, b. The Nature of Society, c. Marriage, d. Family, f. Kinship.
3. Economic organization.
4 Political organization and Social Control.
6. Anthropological theories.
7. Culture, language and communication.
8. Research methods in anthropology.
- Fieldwork tradition in anthropology
- Distinction between technique, method and methodology
- Tools of data collection: observation, interview, schedules, questionnaire, Case study, genealogy, life-history, oral history, secondary sources of information, participatory methods.
- Analysis, interpretation and presentation of data.
9. a. Human Genetics, b. Mendelian genetics in man-family study, c. Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection, d. Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man, methodology, e. Race and racism, f. a) Age, sex and population variation as genetic marker- ABO, Rh blood groups, HLA Hp, transferring, Gm, blood enzymes. b) Physiological characteristics-Hb level, body fat, pulse rate, respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic groups, g. Concepts and methods of Ecological Anthropology, h. Epidemiological Anthropology.
10. Concept of human growth and development.
11. a. Relevance of menarche, menopause and other bioevents to fertility. Fertility patterns and differentials, b. Demographic theories- biological, social and cultural, c. Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity, fertility, natality and mortality.
12 Applications of Anthropology.
Syllabus – UPSC Sociology Paper 2 – Indian Society: Structure and Change
1. a. Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization, b. Palaeo: Anthropological evidences from India with special reference to Siwaliks and Narmada basin (Ramapithecus, Sivapithecus and Narmada Man), c. Ethno-archaeology in India.
2. Demographic profile of India.
3. a. The structure and nature of the traditional Indian social system, b. Caste system in India, c. Sacred Complex and Nature: Man, Spirit Complex, d. Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity on Indian society.
4. Emergence and growth of anthropology in India-Contributions of the 18th, 19th and early 20th Century scholar-administrators. Contributions of Indian anthropologists to tribal and caste studies.
5. a. Indian Village, b. Linguistic and religious minorities and their social, political and economic status, c. Indigenous and exogenous processes of socio-cultural change in Indian society: Sanskritization, Westernization, Modernization.
6. a. Tribal situation in India, b. Problems of the tribal Communities, c. Developmental projects and their impact on tribal displacement.
7. a. Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes, b. Social change and contemporary tribal societies. c. The concept of ethnicity.
8. a. Impact of Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and other religions on tribal societies, b. Tribe and nation state – a comparative study of tribal communities in India and other countries.
9. a. History of administration of tribal areas, tribal policies, plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementation. The concept of PTGs (Primitive Tribal Groups), their distribution, special programmes for their development. Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development, b. Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development, c. Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism, communalism, and ethnic and political movements.
Anthropology is an optional that has plenty of benefits associated.
Best Anthropology Optional Coaching is Discrete IAS. The foremost and most important windfall is that the questions asked are generally direct. They are more objective rather than abstract and subjective. A proper understanding of the basic concept can give aspirants a good score. With proper diagrams, tables, flowchart and so on, aspirants save their time and score high. Answer writing becomes less hectic. It is easy to grab this subject if the aspirants study with interest and concern. Their attention while studying would overweigh their performance. This subject has a versatile connection with many subjects of GS paper I and II. Even Internal Security issues can be understood after studying Anthropology. Almost all the entire Biotechnology is covered in Anthropology syllabus. The syllabus is normal. It is not so lengthy and abstract due to which one can acquire it in approximately 4 months.