UPSC Civil Services Examination
UPSC conducts Civil Services Examination in 3 stages – Prelims, Mains, & Interviews. The Preliminary Exam is an objective type examination for the shortlisting of candidates, and the Mains Examination is a subjective type examination comprising of 9 descriptive exams. The candidates who qualify the Prelims examination become eligible for Mains exams. Candidates qualifying the Mains exam are called for Interview which is the final selection round. During this round the candidates are evaluated for their observation skills, intelligence, alertness, balance of judgment and human qualities like honesty, morality and administration.
There is a high competition in UPSC examination and so many education institutes are available, as a result aspirants got confused. Aspirants should join the best UPSC CSE Optional Subject coaching institute for General Studies and Optional subject also while preparing for this examination. UPSC Optional subject is very important for all the aspirants, in other words, they should choose the best coaching institute for IAS optional subject also.
UPSC Exam Pattern
UPSC examination is conducted in three stages:
- Preliminary Examination – Preliminary exam consists of two papers – General Studies and Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT). Both the question papers will be objective type (multiple choice questions). Exam duration will be 2 hours for each paper. Most importantly, wrong answers negative marking.
- Mains Examination – Mains exam consists of nine papers – Two language papers, General Studies – I, II, II & IV and two Optional Papers. All the question papers will be of the descriptive type. Exam duration will be 3 hours for each paper. No negative marking will be there.
- Interview or Proficiency Test – Interview process is the last and final stage of the selection process of the UPSC Exam Pattern. After that final result will be declared. The interview consists of 275 marks.
- The exam is conducted in Multiple Choice Question (CQ) format.
- This exam has two papers of General Studies:
- GS Paper-I and GS Paper-II which is commonly known as CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test).
- CSAT paper is qualifying in nature in which an aspirant has to score only 33 % marks in this and these marks are not counted towards merit of Prelims exam.
- Qualified candidates in Prelims come in the merit list and eligible to appear in next stage i.e. Mains Exam.
|Name of the Paper||No. of Questions||Total Marks||Duration||Nature of Exam||Type of Paper|
|Paper I: General Studies (Objective-type)||100||200||2 hours||The score will be considered for Cut-off||Objective|
|Paper-II: General Studies-II (CSAT) (Objective-Type)||80||200||2 hours||Qualifying Nature- Candidates will have to score 33% to qualify CSAT.||Objective|
- This exam is Subjective/ Descriptive in format.
- This exam has nine papers – Two language papers, Essay Paper, GS Paper I, GS Paper II, GS Paper III, GS Paper IV and Two Papers of the Optional Subject.
- Both the Language Papers A & B (English language paper is mandatory) are qualifying in nature and remaining seven papers are counted towards merit.
|Paper||Subject||Duration||Total marks||Nature of paper||Type of Paper|
|Paper A||Compulsory Indian language||3 hours||300||Qualifying||Descriptive|
|Paper B||English||3 hours||300||Qualifying||Descriptive|
|Paper I||Essay||3 hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper-II||General Studies I||3 hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper III||General Studies II||3 hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper IV||General Studies III||3 hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper V||General Studies IV||3 hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper VI||Optional I||3 hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
|Paper VII||Optional II||3 hours||250||Merit||Descriptive|
- Those who qualify the Mains examination are finally Interviewed by UPSC to arrive at the final merit list.
- The final merit is drawn with combined marks of Mains Examination and Personality Test.
There are different eligibility criteria for UPSC CSE examination. According to the UPSC Civil Services Examination Age Limit, the candidate should be between 21 and 32 years, as on 1st August 2021 for General category.
IAS Eligibility- Educational Qualification
The different academic requirements as per the IAS Eligibility Criteria are given below:
- The candidate must have a degree from Government recognized Universities or have an equivalent qualified degree.
- Candidates who are pursuing their final year or awaiting results are also eligible to appear for UPSC Examination. In conclusion, they must be graduated before Interview.
|Category||Minimum Age Limit||Upper Age Limit for UPSC||Maximum Number of Attempts|
|EWS Economically Weaker Section||21 years||32||6|
|SC/ ST||21 years||37||Unlimited (Up to age limit)|
|Defence Services Personnel||21 years||35||9|
|Persons with Benchmark Disability||21 years||35||9|
IAS Eligibility- Nationality
For IAS and IPS:
- Candidate must be an Indian citizen.
There is different criteria for all other Services Nationality, please read UPSC notification for the details:
UPSC Civil Service Examination age limit, relaxation and maximum attempts as per categories:-
- General Category & EWS: 32 years; 6 attempts.
- OBC (with certificate): 32 years + 3 years; having 9 attempts.
- SC/ST: 32 years + 5 years; no limit for attempts.
- Physically Disabled: 32 years + 10 years; Gen/OBC/Person with Benchmark Disability(EWS category) – 9 attempts & SC/ST no limit for attempts.
- Jammu & Kashmir Domicile: 32 years + 5 years + (3 years, if OBC OR 5 Years, if SC/ST); Number of attempts will be depending on the reserved category.
- Disabled Defence service personnel: 32 years + 3 years + (3 more years, if Gen/OBC OR 5 more years, if SC/ST)
- Ex-Servicemen Commission Officer: 32 years + 5 years + (3 years, if OBC OR 5 Years, if SC/ST)